“When fate catches us up”
Desperate actions in the face of the sixth extinction
April 13 – May 25, 2023
Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Underwater hydrophone recording in Silver Bank as part of Jana Winderen’s project Silencing of the Reefs, 2013. Photo: José Alejandro Álvarez. Courtesy of José Alejandro Álvarez and TBA21–Academy.
MNTB Madrid


Curated by José Luis Espejo and organized jointly by TBA21 and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, this program aims at a parallel presentation of popular knowledge and the findings of scientific research on the extinction of animals that are decisive for their biosphere, often outside the human auditory and visual scale.
Marta Moreno Muñoz (Scientist Rebellion and Extinction Rebellion) 
- Sabatini Auditorium, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
- Thursday, April 13, 2023, 7 pm
- Presentation and screening of 2020: The Walk. 40 min

Rebelión Científica, Extinction Rebellion España, recently warned that the planet has already reached the point of no return where global warming is concerned. This group of a thousand scientists submitted that the reduction of emissions by 43% before 2030 proposed by the Paris Agreement actually means a rise in temperature, which is already happening, with a 1% increase in 2022. Marta Moreno Muñoz is an activist and artist who works in different disciplines like action art, video and other time-based arts. On this occasion she presents 2020: The Walk, a walking investigation ranging from Granada to Lapland in which she shares her ideas on environmental activism.
Xoan-Xil, Ariel Ninas and Paula Ballesteros. Abellón. O libro negro das zoadeiras
- Auditorium 400. Edificio Nouvel, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
- Friday, April 14, 2023, 7 pm
- Concert. 45 min

The Abellón (Drone) is a rural tradition that includes funeral rituals to the accompaniment of the zurrumurru, that low hum of insects which, like the voice and instruments which imitate it, accompanies the dead to their grave. Abellón. O libro negro das zoadeiras, written in 2020 by Xoán-Xil López and Mauro Sanín, arises from a series of intuitions, readings and investigations of the hum as a paramusical sound that can attain transcendental value in different cultures. For this event, Xoán-Xil López, Ariel Ninas and Paula Ballesteros will intervene in a mise-en-scène of the book.
Jana Winderen 
- Auditorium 400. Edificio Nouvel, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
- Friday, April 14, 2023, 8 pm
- Site-specific multichannel concert. 45 min

Jana Winderen is an artist living in Norway with a background in maths, chemistry and ecology focusing on fish. Her practice pays special attention to sound environments and creatures ordinarily inaccessible to humans, both physically and sonically, because they are in the depths of the sea, inside the ice or in frequency ranges inaudible to the human ear. Her activities include spatial and site-specific audio installations as well as concerts, which have been shown and performed internationally in major institutions and public spaces.
Listening to the oceans I: Jana Winderen and Carlos Duarte
- Auditorium. Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
- Tuesday, April 18, 2023, 5 pm
- Language: Spanish and English with simultaneous translation 
- Conversation. 60 min

In 2021, the article The Soundscape of Anthropocene was published in the magazine Science. With the scientist Carlos Duarte as its main writer, it had contributions from the sound artist Jana Winderen and many others. Evidence was presented in this article to show how anthropogenic noise, meaning noise produced by human beings and the machines they make and use, produces an impact on maritime fauna. 
Listening to the oceans II: Txema Brotons and José Luis Espejo
- Auditorium. Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
- Thursday, May 25, 2023, 5 pm
- Language: Spanish
- Conversation. 60 min

When, how and why did human beings start to listen to whales? Different cultures have listened to the songs, bellows or lowing of these cetaceans. Nevertheless, western culture, which has found verbs as beautiful as the Spanish crotorar for the sound made by storks, still talks of ‘clicks’ and ‘songs’ for cetaceans, and none of these words are really precise. They say that Herman Melville, long before writing Moby-Dick, sailed towards Lancashire and heard a whale for the first time, because many things are understood through hearing rather than by sight. Listening to the Oceans II is a meeting that brings together José Luis Espejo, researcher and curator, with Txema Brotons, biologist specialized in whales and acoustics and Tursiops' Association scientific director, to propose an archaeology of the means by which science and other branches of knowledge started to listen to and classify cetacean sounds.The scientific research carried out can help us understand the impact of anthropogenic sound on the communication systems of whales.
- Thursday, April 13, 2023, 7 pm
- Friday, April 14, 2023, 7 pm and 8 pm
- Tuesday, April 18, 2023, 5 pm
- Thursday, May 25, 2023, 5 pm
Free entry activities.
- For MNCARS activities, information here
- For MNTB activities:
Listening to the oceans I: Jana Winderen and Carlos Duarte
Listening to the oceans II: José Luis Espejo and Txema Brotons 
Paula Ballesteros (1970, Spain) Actress, anthropologist and archaeologist. Her research process is centred on observing and analysing the rural landscape of Galicia as a palimpsest of continuous human intervention in time, but also as an extinct social reality. With 3MulleresTeatroDESafiuzadas (2021), she fuses ethnographic field work with dramaturgy in order to visibilise the current situation of women living in the street. With “Colectivo Sonoro Rupestre”, A pedra que fala (2021), a performance, sound and poetry piece, she both acts as performer and also retrieves the social memory of an archaeological site, thus linking the local people to the creative process. She recently collaborated as performer with aCentral Folque on various videoart pieces, #abellón (2020) with Xoán Xil, Berio Molina and Ariel Ninas, contemporary creations on a death-related ritual based on fossilised social memory, which they danced together at Corrubedo (2021) in the context of Monumenta, andar con arte.

Carlos Duarte (1960, Portugal) Ibn Sina Distinguished Professor Carlos M. Duarte is the Tarek Ahmed Juffali Research Chair in Red Sea Ecology at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), in Saudi Arabia, Executive Director of the Global Coral R&D Accelerator Platform, and Chief Scientist of Oceans2050. OceanUS and E1Series.  Before this he was Research Professor with the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and Director of the Oceans Institute at The University of Western Australia. Duarte’s research focuses on understanding the effects of global change in marine ecosystems and developing nature-based solutions to global challenges, including climate change, and develop evidence-based strategies to rebuild the abundance of marine life by 2050.  Building on his research showing mangroves, seagrasses and salt-marshes to be globally-relevant carbon sinks, he developed, working with different UN agencies, the concept of Blue Carbon, as a nature-based solution to climate change. He has conducted research across all continents and oceans, spanning most of the marine ecosystem types, from inland to near-shore and the deep sea and from microbes to whales. Professor Duarte has published more than 1.000 scientific papers and has been ranked as the top marine biologist and the 12th most influential climate scientist in the world (Reuters). 

José Luis Espejo (1983, Spain) works as a researcher, curator and teacher on the relations between art and the culture of listening. He habitually works with the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, and was one of the co-founders in 2011 of the RRS, the museum’s web radio station. Since 2015, he has worked as a curator at major art centres like the Reina Sofía itself, where he has been in charge of the Live Arts musical programming since 2017, as well as for Donostia-San Sebastián European Capital of Culture 2016, where he co-curated a series of site-specific sound installations, and for Madrid City Council’s CentroCentro, where he was in charge of the musical programming and the anthological exhibition CHARIVARIA, reviewed in the press as “a fundamental referent”. Among his main publications is Escucha, por favor (Please listen), a compilation of 13 texts on sound for recent art, published by EXITLibris in 2019. His podcasts and sound design works have been heard on RRS, Matadero Madrid, Hots! Radio, at the 2021 Shanghai Biennial, at the Performa Biennial in New York in 2022, and shortly at the 2023 Architecture Biennale in Venice. He currently combines his work as curator and podcaster with teaching at the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid, and he is completing his thesis, a deep time study on whale fat as food and as a technical model for early modern lighting and for the design of submarine sonar systems.

Marta Moreno Muñoz (1978, Spain) is a performance – video artist and activist with a background in experimental theatre and other time-based arts. Graduating in 2002 with a M.A in Fine Arts, her work has focused predominantly on “feminine” subjectivity, dissolution of the ego and the notion of pre-oedipal nostalgia in response to a patriarchal and undesirable reality. She is at present in a transitional stage, shifting towards the conceptualization of larger-scale projects exploring the complex interchange between performance art and the cinematic language. Marta Moreno has lived, produced and engaged in artistic works in Spain, UK, Turkey, India, The Netherlands, Indonesia, Singapore, The Philippines and exhibited internationally. Currently based in Granada, she is working on personal art projects, researching for her PhD thesis “Art as an Experience of Dissolution of the Self. Towards an Art Practice in Times of Collapse”; directing The Unifiedfieldand producing her next project 2020: The Walk with Extinction Rebellion.

Ariel Ninas is a musician and cultural activist. As a sound artist, he works between traditional music and the experimental avant-garde, mainly with the hurdy-gurdy, which he played with the OMEGA -Orquesta de Música Espontánea de Galiza and in various multidisciplinary projects like the trio Ulobit (‘Vikingland’, AudioAtalia, 2016) or AiA with Ángel Faraldo, where free improvisation is the basic form of expression. He works professionally in cultural management and production with aCentral Folque, Centro Galego de Música Popular, in Santiago de Compostela, a professional organisation that has produced many projects over the last 20 years on traditional music from a contemporary perspective, including the publication in 2019 of ‘Abellón. O libro negro das zoadeiras’ with Xoán-Xil López. In 2018, he won the first prize in the international “Maîtres Sonneurs” competition at the festival Le Son Continu (La Chatre, France). In 2020, he won the Galician Prize for Culture in the music section with aCentral Folque. He is currently also developing the concept of ‘Música para peto’ for small instruments, offering workshops and performances, and the ‘Abellón’ project, with courses on the construction of bullroarers.

Jana Winderen (1965, Norway) is an artist based in Norway with a background in mathematics, chemistry and fish ecology. Her practice pays particular attention to audio environments and to creatures which are hard for humans to access, both physically and aurally – deep under water, inside ice or in frequency ranges inaudible to the human ear. Her activities include site-specific and spatial audio installations and concerts, which have been exhibited and performed internationally in major institutions and public spaces. Recent work includes The Art of Listening: Underwater at Lenfest Center for the Arts, Colombia University, New York, Listening through the Dead Zones for IHME, Helsinki, The Art of Listening: Underwater for Audemar Piguet at Art Basel, Miami, Rising Tide at Kunstnernes Hus in Oslo, Listening with Carp for Now is the Time in Wuzhen, Through the Bones for Thailand Art Biennale in Krabi, bára for TBA21_Academy, Spring Bloom in the Marginal Ice Zone for Sonic Acts, Dive in Park Avenue Tunnel in New York and Ultrafield for MoMA, New York. In 2011 she won the Golden Nica at Ars Electronica for Digital Musics & Sound Art. She releases her audio-visual work on Touch (UK).

Xoán-Xil (1972, Spain) is a sound artist and researcher whose work focuses on phonography (field recording) and sound experimentation taking the form of installations, immersive listening situations, compositions, performances and texts. He studied musicology and holds a PhD in Fine Arts with the Thesis Signal / Noise. Some uses of the soundscape in the context of art, about the use of environmental sounds in contemporary creation. He is part of the projects Mediateletipos (sound Art), Ulobit (improvisation) and Voltage Opposite (dance), and he is currently collaborating with different groups such as Vertixe Sonora contemporary music ensemble, Gigacircus company and Haarvöl electronic music proposal. His work Organscape has been awarded with an Honoray Mention at Prix Ars Electronica 2021 in the Digital Musics & Sound Art category.